Getting Ready for your New Machine
Principles of Presenting Multimedia
12 Principles of Multimedia Learning
If you are designing a PowerPoint presentation, developing an online course or preparing to flip your classroom, you may need to reconsider how you will get students to engage with the material without the traditional face-to-face interaction. In the book Multimedia Learning (Cambridge Press, 2001), Richard E. Mayer discusses twelve principles that shape the design and organization of multimedia presentations:
1. Coherence Principle – People learn better when extraneous words, pictures and sounds are excluded rather than included.
2. Signaling Principle – People learn better when cues that highlight the organization of the essential material are added.
3. Redundancy Principle – People learn better from graphics and narration than from graphics, narration and on-screen text.
4. Spatial Contiguity Principle – People learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented near rather than far from each other on the page or screen.
5. Temporal Contiguity Principle – People learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented simultaneously rather than successively.
6. Segmenting Principle – People learn better from a multimedia lesson is presented in user-paced segments rather than as a continuous unit.
7. Pre-training Principle – People learn better from a multimedia lesson when they know the names and characteristics of the main concepts.
8. Modality Principle – People learn better from graphics and narrations than from animation and on-screen text.
9. Multimedia Principle – People learn better from words and pictures than from words alone.
10. Personalization Principle – People learn better from multimedia lessons when words are in conversational style rather than formal style.
11. Voice Principle – People learn better when the narration in multimedia lessons is spoken in a friendly human voice rather than a machine voice.
12. Image Principle – People do not necessarily learn better from a multimedia lesson when the speaker’s image is added to the screen
Faculty Center for Learning Development
David JP Phillips' 5 Principles of Presenting
1. One message per slide
2. Working Memory
a. Adding screen text and speaking simultaneously equals less retention
b. Put your lecture in the notes, not on the screen
c. Use slides for visuals and key words
3. Getting Attention of Audience
a. The brain is drawn to things that move, are colorful, have high contrast, or are big.
b. Use the above things to focus the attention of the audience on the important material and not draw them away from it.
a. Use contrast to steer focus
b. Size, color, animation, etc
5. MAXIMUM of 5 objects per slide
For a longer video on how to give better multimedia presentations go to this youtube video below.
If you've thought of "flipping" your class then you need to check out Blendspace. This is a free website tool that allows you to create digital content and assess student learning. Lesson creation takes literally minutes with the option of importing lessons you've already created or using the gallery to find a lesson that suits your needs. Check out what Blendspace can do for you.
Zaption is a free web application that allows you to add questions, comments, and art to videos that you want to use in class. You can have students watch the video at home, or in class. They can self pace the video or you can present the video to the whole class. It also allows for analysis of their responses. What a great way to improve student engagement to videos in your class.